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Understand the API design principles – digital guide

Slot game Understand our API Design Standards for building an interoperable API and discover our API Gateway and portal.

What's an API?

An application programming interface (API) is an interface that enables safe and reliable software communication. It allows 2 pieces of software to work with each other even if they weren't originally designed to interact.

When APIs are made available, software developers can use standardised tools to get data from a system, modify it as required, and use it somewhere else.  APIs are often used to automate manual processes or to create new tools altogether.

APIs may be internal to a government agency, shared with trusted partners or out to the public.

What do we recommend?

The Victorian Government takes an API-first approach. This approach favours the use of APIs in most integration scenarios. 

We recommend including an API with every Victorian Government online service, where possible. 

The prefers APIs for making data integration easier and more streamlined.

APIs won’t always be the most appropriate integration style for all data. Victorian Government agencies should get in touch with apiteam@dpc.vic.gov.au to discuss the suitability of APIs to deliver on their business requirements.

Why APIs are important

APIs are a core part of many of the leading websites and mobile apps that Victorians use every day. They:

  • enable software applications to make data discoverable to other applications and 
  • allow developers to use that data in new and innovative ways.

Slot gameAPIs help us to:

  • Share data: Providing information and services through web APIs supports interoperability and openness. Well-designed APIs make data freely available for use within agencies, between agencies, in the private sector and by citizens.
  • Increase reach: Reach more users by allowing other agencies, partners and the private sector to integrate – and amplify – your agency’s data, transactions and content.
  • Save time: Use automation to update data or content once and your API can automatically refresh in multiple locations on a website, mobile platforms and social media platforms.
  • Save money: Allow third-party innovators to create and share new, useful products and services beyond the scope – or budget – of your agency.
  • Speed up product development: Allowing granular and open access to content improves prototyping and access for collaboration.
  • Build markets: Assist entrepreneurs to develop products and services with access to government resources.
  • Empower citizens: Open access enables external developers to build their own versions of online government services.

What standards must be met

Slot gameThe National API Design Standards (NAPIDS) aim to ensure consistency and standardisation when designing and building APIs to be used by agencies across the Whole of Victorian Government.

Slot gameThe NAPIDS are intended for API developers, solution architects and business analysts who are looking to design a new API or make changes to an existing service in order to improve aspects of usability, readability or security.

Compliance with the NAPIDS will ensure a consistent, streamlined experience for developers when accessing and using Victorian Government APIs.

The Victorian Government API Gateway and Developer.vic portal

We created the API Gateway and Developer.vic portal to provide a single access point to government APIs. 

The API Gateway

The API Gateway allows Victorian government agencies and trusted third parties to securely share, re-use and enhance data in real-time. It allows API producers to:

  • make their APIs discoverable to API consumers
  • control who has access to their APIs 

The API portal

Slot gameThe API portal, , is the external-facing component for application developers.

Slot gameIt provides tools and resources for developers to:

  • access the API Gateway 
  • integrate government data
  • explore a growing catalogue of trusted government APIs
  • see how APIs are being used across government

Support services

We also provide a range of end-to-end integration support services, including:

  • API strategy development 
  • API design and build 
  • API hosting

Contact the API team

For more information or to get connected to the Gateway contact apiteam@dpc.vic.gov.au

Slot gameReviewed 20 July 2020

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